Theory and Methods Checklist

One of the key aspects of A level Sociology is research methods. On this page I have created a brief overview of some of the key research methods that sociologists use along with some downloadable worksheets for students to complete to fill in the gaps in their knowledge. 

Observations A3

Interviews A3

Experiments A3

Questionnaires a3

Positivism interpretivisim

Sampling Operationalising Variables A3

Secondary and Historical Documents

One of the key questions that students have to respond to in the AQA A level exams is the Methods in Context question. This questions asks students to think like a sociologist and consider HOW they are going to conduct research on a specific group (WHO) about a specific topic related to education (WHAT). One way to be prepared for these is to be able think about all three aspects of the question. The HOW (method) the WHO (research subjects) and the WHAT (the topic).

Below are some of the features of the most common research participants when studying education (the WHO) – of course this is not an exhaustive list, but is useful as a starting point when considering how parents, teachers and pupils may react to being subjected to research.

These can be downloaded below:

The following sheets all show the different considerations that researchers may need to make when considering some of the key topics in education. These can also be downloaded in the links below.